Industrialization and colonialism have exerted an overbearing effect on entire societies which have robbed them of their traditional lifeways, skills, and knowledge and replaced them with a new form of dependency and modernized poverty. Lacking their original identities they have been stripped of their humanity and turned into mechanical gears in a machine that is only destined for a miserable failure.
Original annotation: Amazon anyone?
He wrote that “[e]lite professional groups … have come to exert a ‘radical monopoly’ on such basic human activities as health, agriculture, home-building, and learning, leading to a ‘war on subsistence’ that robs peasant societies of their vital skills and know-how. The result of much economic development is very often not human flourishing but ‘modernized poverty’, dependency, and an out-of-control system in which the humans become worn-down mechanical parts.” Illich proposed that we should “invert the present deep structure of tools” in order to “give people tools that guarantee their right to work with independent efficiency.”1
- broader terms (BT): humanism independence lifeways anthropology colonialism Industrial Revolution
- narrower terms (NT):
- related terms (RT):
- used for (UF) or aliases: