Industrialization and colonialism have exerted an overbearing effect on entire societies which have robbed them of their traditional lifeways, skills, and knowledge and replaced them with a new form of dependency and modernized poverty. Lacking their original identities they have been stripped of their humanity and turned into mechanical gears in a machine that is only destined for a miserable failure.
Original annotation: Amazon anyone?
He wrote that “[e]lite professional groups … have come to exert a ‘radical monopoly’ on such basic human activities as health, agriculture, home-building, and learning, leading to a ‘war on subsistence’ that robs peasant societies of their vital skills and know-how. The result of much economic development is very often not human flourishing but ‘modernized poverty’, dependency, and an out-of-control system in which the humans become worn-down mechanical parts.” Illich proposed that we should “invert the present deep structure of tools” in order to “give people tools that guarantee their right to work with independent efficiency.”1
links: Ivan Illich tools for conviviality
- broader terms (BT): humanism independence lifeways anthropology colonialism Industrial Revolution
- narrower terms (NT):
- related terms (RT):
- used for (UF) or aliases: