Perhaps a better framing is to not look at things from such a broad perspective, but to focus in on the smaller and more specific? Racism is a big forest, but to really see and fix it we need to look at individual racist idea hills and plains and specific racist policy trees, plants, and shrubs.
People also have more sympathy for the individual and less sympathy when looking at larger groups.
Which might explain why, for people dedicated to fighting racism, simply saying you’re “not racist” doesn’t feel like quite enough. To effectively defeat systemic racism — racism embedded as normal practice in institutions like education and law enforcement — you’ve got to be continually working towards equality for all races, striving to undo racism in your mind, your personal environment and the wider world. 1
links: racism institutional racism racist ideas racist policies focus on the specific descent into the particular sympathy framing